A direct pulp capping is a procedure in which a medicament is placed directly over the exposed dental pulp, with the specific aim of maintaining pulp vitality and health (Camp and Fuks, 2006; Hilton, 2009; Mente et al., 2010).
Advantages of a successful direct pulp capping are numerous, including the avoidance of more extensive treatment, such as root canal treatment or extraction.
Calcium hydroxide (CaOH) has been considered the “gold standard” of direct pulp-capping materials for several decades (Baume and Holz, 1981; Camp and Fuks, 2006; Hilton, 2009). While a new cement (mineral trioxide aggregate, MTA) has become a popular alternative.
Direct pulp coverage is a minimally invasive procedure, to perform this type of treatment we must first evaluate the case based on clinical and radiographic data, whether a direct pulp coverage or a root canal treatment is needed.
In this case report I will present all the steps to be followed to carry out this treatment
Age 37 years old
The lower first right molar with deep caries
The patient`s complaints were, hypersensitivity to thermal stimuli
Tooth vitality ++
After anesthesia we initially did the isolation of the operative field
After removing the carious masses we applied caries detector
Disinfection with CHX 2%
Application of selective matrix
Direct pulp coverage with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and dentin liner
Build up of the distal wall with composite
Composite build up of the occlusal surface of the tooth
Control of the occlusion
Finishing after polishing
Recall after one and half year
The patient is without complaints and vitality is positive
Xray after one and half year
There are no pathological changes
Before any endodontic treatment we must always consider the possibility of direct coverage of the pulp.
Age of patient, hygiene, localization of the caries, size of pulp exposure and all other clinical and radiograph data should be considered to decide whether to perform direct pulp coverage or endodontic treatment.
All the steps of this procedure are important, but the most important, in ,y opinion, is the isolation of the operative field. I say this because we must try to remove carious masses to the maximum and thus reduce to a minimum the number of bacteria that would penetrate into the pulp cavity, therefore without isolation of the operative field we risk to introduce more bacteria than as had before in the tooth.