Full video of the procedure

Fig. 1

The retreatment steps

Fig. 2

Pre operative X-ray and 3 years follow up X-ray


A good knowledge of the anatomy can help solving difficult cases.


Soares JA, Leonardo RT. Root canal treatment of three-rooted maxillary first and second premolars-a case report. International Endodontic Journal 2003; 36: 705-710

F Vertucci, A Seelig, R Gillis. Root canal morphology of the human maxillary second premolar. 1974 oral sung oral.med oral path

Fichera G, Dinapoli G, Re D Restauri estetico adesivi indiretti; modello per diagnosi di configurazione cavitaria Dentista moderno 2006; 21-57