Management of Maxillary Central Incisor with Extreme Calcific Metamorphosis
José Conde Pais
Pulp canal calcification is characterized by the deposition of calcified tissue along the canal walls. As a result, the root canal space can become partially or completely obliterated. It is considered a normal physiological process occurring with ageing, and a defensive response to normal wear. This response, however, can be accelerated considerably in the case of dental trauma, autotransplantation, and orthodontic therapy and in these instances quickly leads to partial or total pulp canal obliteration. These teeth provide an endodontic treatment challenge; the critical management decision being whether to treat these teeth endodontically immediately upon detection of the pulpal obliteration or to wait until symptoms or signs of pulp and or periapical disease occur. This article describes endodontic management of a traumatized maxillary incisor with calcific metamorphosis.
A 25-year-old female patient presented in our private endodontic office for evaluation of tooth 11, which had a dental trauma 7 years before.
Her medical history was unremarkable and radiographic examination revealed a calcified canal and previously initiated root canal treatment.
Clinical examination :
- Negative vitality
- Positive percussion
- Positive palpation
The diagnosis was apical periodontitis, after discussing treatment options, we decided on an endodontic treatment. The patient was informed of the pros and cons of the treatment and informed consent was obtained.
We made the access cavity with an EndoAcces bur and redefined it with ultrasonic tips
Glide Path with manual files C + 06 # 08 # 10 #
Preflaring was performed using Starter, P1 and P2 (MG3 files kit )(Shenzhen Perfect Medical Instruments Co)
Shaping was performed using G1 and G2 (MG3 files kit )(Shenzhen Perfect Medical Instruments Co)
Master Apical File 25#
Obturation with continuous wave technique
Apical Seal and Backfill
Full case video
Managing a calcified tooth is a great challenge for an experienced clinicians. The use of a microscope and files with good cutting capacity are essential to successfully solve these types of cases.
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