Deep bifurcation in the palatal canal of an upper molar
Omran Abdllatif Issa
This clinical case shows the need of being very careful while we approach the palatal canal in Upper first molars, especially in the apical part .
Of course some studies have reported the presence of two canals in palatal root, but in this case there is one canal with apical bifurcation.
In this case I rely on two points to scout :
1- radiographic interpretation. I carefully read the x-ray during taking working length: the most important thing watching my K file being "not centered" sets my doubt higher that there is an apical variation.
2- Scouting. I insert a pre-curved 15 K-file and scout till I feel a slight catch, then I passively insert another k-file and take an x-ray.
From preoperative x-ray the variation in apical area of palatal root is quite noticed
Working length is taken by EAL and only one K file inserted in palatal canal
Scouting the deep bifurcation by inserting another K file in the split
The presence of an apical curvature in obvious in both mesials and distal canals while cone fit is achieved
Microscopic view show the apical bifurcation of palatal canal. The picture was captured by zooming 25x.
Intra oral photo shows obturation of all canals, as we notice the location of MB2 canal is right opposite to the DB canal
The final x-ray shows obturation in invert
Radiographic interpretation is very important before any endodontic approach.
In particular, it is very helpful in cases in which the anatomy presents some peculiarity. Nevertheless, taking different angles of x-ray may be handy as well.
Nosrat A, Verma P, Hicks ML, Schneider SC, Behnia A, Azim AA. Variations of Palatal Canal Morphology in Maxillary Molars: A Case Series and Literature Review. J Endod. 2017;43(11):1888-1896. doi:10.1016/j.joen.2017.04.006