Smart ledge crossing with FANTA files
During preparation ledges are inadvertently created and make further instrumentation more difficult as file tips snag in the ledge rather than progressing smoothly to the working length.
Stiff instruments or drills will tend to straighten in the curved root canal. Ledges are most likely on the outer curvature either at the primary curvature or apically.
The aim of this article is to share a contemporary new clinical approach to cross a ledge using a SMART pre-bent file used with reciprocation movement.
A patient comes to my attention referring pain to the upper right molar, previously treated by a colleague.
The presence of a straight-line preparation in the curved mesial root suggests the presence of a ledge that made it impossible to reach the working length.
I decided to cross the ledge with the AF CL System by FANTA
The AF CL is the first file system specifically designed to cross ledges
They are flexible, with a pre-bent tip and a triangular cross section
The first file is inserted manually and crosses the ledge, then the endo motor is connected and the file starts moving in reciprocation motion
Here is the protocol
The concept is to remove the ledge progressively into a straight pathway. This is done simply by inserting the pre-bend files manually to cross the ledge, then attach the Endomotor to the file using reciprocation motion.
The post operative X-ray shows the successful shaping of the tooth
A detail of the X-rays shows an anastomosis between the MB1 and MB2 canal
Another cases solved in the same way shows a premolar with incomplete root canal therapy due to a ledge
The CBCT confirms the presence of an untouched part of the root canal system
The ledge is crossed with AF CL System
The post operative X-rays and the follow up show the healing of the lesion
Follow up CBCT
Ledge management in the past was really challenging and operator-dependant using a manual instrumentation: the shaping was really time consuming, invasive and with a high probability to create internal/external transportation.
Nowadays with the new pre-bended files, any ledge can be crossed without sacrifice dental canal tissue. A predictable procedures using a simple technique with a feasible, teachable and repeatable approach.
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