Fig. 1

 Initial clinical and radiographic examination. (a) Intraoral photography. (b) Bitewing x-ray. (c) Periapical radiography.

Fig. 2

Clinical and radiographic examination after caries removal. (a) Intraoral photography. (b) Bitewing x-ray.

Surgical video.

2 weeks video.

Fig. 3

Surgical extrusion procedure. (a) Periodontal probing (b) Tooth dislocation. (c) Semi-rigid splinting.

Fig. 4

Clinical and radiographic control 2 weeks after surgical extrusion. (a) Intraoral photography. (b) Bitewing x-ray. (c) Periapical radiography.

Fig. 5

(a) Intraoral photograph after removing the splint. (b) Absolute isolation with rubber dam.

Fig. 6

Pre-endodontic restoration with composite. (a) Placement of the Automatrix® metal matrix. (b). Restoration of the distal margin using SDR® composite and Ceram-X Universal®.


Fig. 7

 Intraoral photography after endodontic filling. (b) Intraoral photograph after sealing the pulp chamber using SDR®.

Firstly, the access cavity was modified with the help of a StartX No. 3 ultrasonic tip (Dentsply Maillefer). A C+ #10 manual file (Dentsply Maillefer) was used to achieve apical patency and establish a correct working length. During the treatment, irrigation was carried out continuously with a 4.25% sodium hypochlorite solution. For the 'glide path' the Wave One Gold glider #15.02 reciprocating file (Dentsply Maillefer) was used and for the subsequent instrumentation the Wave One Gold Primary #25.06 reciprocating file was used. Finally, it was decided to instrument using a Profile #35.04 file (Dentsply Maillefer) to achieve correct apical calibration. The final irrigation consisted of 10% citric acid (1mL), followed by 4.25% sodium hypochlorite (5mL) and 96% alcohol (1mL).

Root filling was performed using a #50 caliber thermocompactor (Guttacondensor®, Dentsply Maillefer), after placing a master cone with taper (35.04) and an accessory gutta-percha cone impregnated in a resinous cement (AH- Plus, Dentsply Maillefer). (Fig.7a)

Subsequently, excess filling material was removed from the pulp chamber using an Endo Z bur (Dentsply Maillefer). The cavity was sealed with bulk fill SDR® composite (Dentsply DeTrey) (Fig.7b) and Ceram-X composite (Dentsply DeTrey) for the 'build-up'. Periapical radiographs were taken throughout the procedure. (Fig.8a,b,c,d)

After one month, it was decided to perform a postoperative clinical and radiographic control (Fig. 9a,b) and begin the preparation of the definitive restoration: an overlay type inlay with complete cusp coverage. Once the tooth was prepared (Fig. 10a), an impression was taken with Aquasil® silicone (Dentsply DeTrey), the antagonist impression, bite registrations and color taking; and was sent to the laboratory technician.

Fig. 8

 Radiographic sequence of endodontic treatment. (a) Periapical radiograph 2 weeks after surgical extrusion. (b) Determination of working length. (c) Conometry. (d) Final.

Fig. 9

Radiographic control one month after performing the endodontic treatment. (a) Bitewing x-ray. (b) Periapical radiograph.



Fig. 10

On the next visit, the indirect CAD/CAM nanoceramic resin restoration was cemented. First, the marginal adaptation of the restoration was verified radiographically. Next, the preparation of the substrate and the restoration began for proper cementation. On the one hand, the restoration was sandblasted with 50 μm aluminum oxide and a layer of silane was applied for 60 seconds (Self-Cure Activator®, Dentsply DeTrey). At the same time, tooth preparation began by applying an abrasion using 50 μm aluminum oxide particles, protecting the adjacent teeth with Teflon and after performing absolute isolation with a rubber dam.

A 36% orthophosphoric etch was performed (DeTrey Conditioner®, Dentsply DeTrey) and Prime&Bond Active ® adhesive (Dentsply DeTrey) was applied to both the restoration and the tooth. The overlay was then cemented using Calibra® resin cement (Dentsply DeTrey). Finally, a correct polishing of the margins was performed and the occlusion was adjusted. (Fig.10b)

The clinical and radiographic controls after one year showed an asymptomatic tooth, with good health of the periodontal and periapical tissues, classifying the case as successful. (Fig.11a,b,c)

Fig. 11

 Control clinical and radiographic examination 1 year after treatment (a) Intraoral photograph. (b) Bitewing x-ray. (c) Periapical radiograph.


Surgical extrusion represents a valid alternative to other procedures such as surgical crown lengthening and orthodontic extrusion. The selection of the appropriate treatment will depend on the aesthetic requirements, the position of the tooth in the arch, the crown-root proportion and the proximity and root morphology of the tooth and its adjacent teeth. The surgical extrusion procedure offers a series of advantages over other techniques such as a short treatment time and that can be performed in one session, low cost, good aesthetics, easy acceptance by the patient and a low incidence of failure.

In conclusion, surgical extrusion is a technique that presents good success rates for the preservation of natural dentition in teeth compromised by large subgingival cavities without sufficient healthy dental tissue structure, as shown in the present case.


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